For patients and families

Immunize Canada: “Immunize Canada is a national coalition of non-governmental, professional, health, government and private sector organizations with a specific interest in promoting the understanding and use of vaccines recommended by the National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI)” ( Here is their page about pain management during immunization for kids and adolescents.


For healthcare providers

Pain Management during Vaccine Injections – A Clinician’s Guide: children< 3 years of age. A pocket guide for  clinicians. Vaccine injections can be painful and stressful for children and parents, but you can really make a difference. Read the 5 P’s of vaccination pain management below and combine these strategies to improve pain relief” (Immunize Canada).

Translating Emergency Knowledge for Kids (TREKK): TREKK’s mission is “to be the trusted source for easy access to the latest evidence, best practices, user-friendly resources and discussions in pediatric emergency care. It will be created and used by health professionals and the families they care for. Its work will drive the highest quality health care for children and families seeking emergency care in Canada” (

Pain Assessment and Management: “PAMI is an E-Learning and patient safety educational project. The overall goal of PAMI is to improve the safety of patients of all ages by developing tools for health care providers to recognize, assess, and manage acute and chronic pain in acute care settings such as the Emergency Department. The tools and resources developed are designed to be used, adapted and implemented by any health care facility or agency based on their specific needs. The PAMI site will also provide pain related resources and news updates” ( Here is an example of a distraction tool kit.

Coping with Healthcare Procedures: Resources from Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.

Videos demonstrating how to minimize infant pain during vaccinations, newborn screening and other painful procedures: These videos are provided by the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario’s Be Sweet to Babies research team and the University of Ottawa’s School of Nursing.






Last Updated: July 24, 2019